Monday, May 25, 2020
Being a resident of South Carolina, African-American Culture was chosen as part of the applied learning project for the Intercultural Nursing class, because African-Americans make up more than a quarter of this stateÃ¢â¬â¢s population. According to the 2010 United States Census Bureau, the total population for South Carolina (S.C.) is 4,625,364, with 27.9% being of African-American descent. The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding and sensitivity to issues and cultural variances or phenomena that are unique to the African-American Culture. Another goal is to identify nursing interventions that are important for the nurse to consider in caring for this population. These phenomenaÃ¢â¬â¢s include variances in social organization,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦No other culture was segregated or forced against their will to immigrate to the United States. Though the nurse cannot amend the past, one must realize that trust must be built in order to effectively care fo r the African-American patient. It is also important for the nurse to avoid stereotyping the patient based on race or ethnicity. (Giger, 2013) During the interview, it became apparent to the interviewer that Sinkler family may not be the stereotypical African-American. Education and integration was important in order to prosper in the American society and culture. Both of AndreaÃ¢â¬â¢s parents were college educated, her father worked as a warehouse manager and her mother was an engineer. AndreaÃ¢â¬â¢s served in the U.S. Air Force in a medical evacuation unit. She used the G.I. Bill to pay for college, eventually obtaining a MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree in Rehabilitation Counseling. She now works for Vocation Rehabilitation for the State of South Carolina. It was noted that AndreaÃ¢â¬â¢s way of communication lacks the stereotypical black dialect. (Sinkler, 2014) Communication is the way one exchanges information with another person. Communication can take on many forms such as verbal or written language, or non-verbally as in body language such as the use of hand gestures, eye movement, or facial expressions. Ones dialect isShow MoreRelatedThe Great Migration Essay870 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesas The Great Migration and the Second Great Migration are examples of movements that impacted the United States greatly. During these movements, African Americans migrated to flee racism and prejudice in the South, as well as to inquire jobs in industrial cities. They were unable to escape racism, but they were able to infuse their culture into American society. During the twentieth century, economic and political problems led to movements such as The Great Migration and The Second Great MigrationRead MoreHeredity, Culture, And Environment1064 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHave you ever thought about different cultures and heredities? In my report, I m going to t alk about how heredity, culture, and environment can all influence patient behavior in the medical office. Let s first talk about the first one heredity that are the traits that we inherit from our parents and grandparents. We get them from our parents of course. It will have an impact on what they do and don t believe that work for them in terms of a medical solution. Each person is passed down from generationRead MoreIs Studying Ancient Egypt in Its African Context Afrocentric?856 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesits African Context Afrocentric? Studying Ancient Egypt is African context can be definitively distinguished as Afrocentric. Evidence of this is given from Ancient EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s geographical location, the Ancient Egyptian culture, and linguistics. What is currently known as afrocentrism is a cultural ideology first formed from the work of late nineteenth century and early twentieth century African-American intellectuals. Afrocentrism manifested into its current form because of the African-AmericanRead MorePoetry for a Generation1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLangston Hughes was an African American poet who made poetry that reflected what he witnessed in the urban communities throughout his life. Langston HughesÃ¢â¬â¢ poetry spoke the words, feelings, and hardships that African Americans had to live with on a day to day basis. Though bi-racial, Langston Hughes knew very clearly what was hard for the typical African American, what was emotional unsettling for the typical African American, and what seemed unclear for the typical African American. His poems like TheRead MoreCulture : Up The Identity And Personality Of An Individual1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages04, 2015 Argosy Culture makes up the identity and personality of an individual. Every individual has their own culture implanted in them from the community in which they live, the family in which they grew up and the personal identity people have given them in the overall society. The individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personal views, aspects of reasoning and judgment and their general logical thinking as an individual are affected significantly by their culture. In this aspect, the entire well-beingRead MoreStill I Rise By Maya Angelou1078 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslife. Not only was she an African American woman who suffered under racism, but she was also a young innocent woman who suffered under a manÃ¢â¬â¢s domination. Any woman, who went through similar situations, would know that suffering under a manÃ¢â¬â¢s domination is one of the hardest experiences to go through. Not only will the reader be mentally hurt but will also be emotionally unstable. Maya used those experiences and grew from them. She was not like any other African American woman; she tried to make aRead MoreLangston Hughes : African American Poetry1305 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLangston Hughes: African American Poetry Langston Hughes grew up in a time of segregation, as a African American man living during the Civil Rights movement. During this time Langston wrote poetry from this point of view as a African American. Langston Hughes poetry is important due to his content, imagery, and voice. Through LangstonÃ¢â¬â¢s voice he strengthened African Americans hope while opening the eyes of the white man to see what they are doing is wrong. Langston Hughes was born February 1,1902Read MoreRacism Is A Long And Controversial Issue1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCaucasian, does not give an employee who is African-American, a project, because he believes that the project wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be completed on time because he thinks that African-Americans are lazy. Racial Discrimination, is the most widespread and common of the different types of racism. Racial Discrimination is when people are not given the same opportunities or treated the same because of racial differences. For example, races such as Hispanic, African-Americans, are passed over when it comes to managerialRead MoreAnalysis of Langston HughesÃ ´ The Negro Speaks of Rivers927 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLangston Hughes A Poetic of the Harlem Renaissance During the Harlem Renaissance copious African Americans writers arose from this movement including Claude McKay, Zora Neale Hurston, Countee Cullen, and especially Langston Hughes. Langston Hughes has endured hardships from the time his parents separated to being raised in different cities. Hughes has tried multiple times to reconnect with his father, but it never succeeded. Although Langston Hughes has a complicated relationship with his fatherRead MoreHeritage Assessment1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRunning head: THE HERITAGE ASSESSMENT OF HISPANIC, ASIAN AND The Heritage Assessment of Hispanic, Asian and African American Families B.Cohran Grand Canyon University The Heritage Assessment of Hispanic, Asian and African American Families The Heritage Assessment Tool (HST) is used to Ã¢â¬Å"investigate a given patientÃ¢â¬â¢s or your own ethnic, cultural, and religious heritageÃ¢â¬ ¦it can help determine how deeply a given person identifies with a particular traditionÃ¢â¬ . (prenhall.com). This assessment
Friday, May 15, 2020
In written Japanese, a radical (bushu) is a common sub-element found in different kanji characters.Ã Kanji are the equivalent of letters in Arabic-based languages like English.Ã Japanese is written in a combination of three scripts: hiragana, katakana, and kanji. Kanji originated from Chinese characters, and the Japanese equivalents are based on ancient spoken Japanese. Hiragana and katakana developed from kanji to express Japanese syllables phonetically.Ã Most kanji are not used in everyday conversational Japanese, although its estimated that more than 50,000 kanji exist.Ã The Japanese Ministry of Education designated 2,136 characters as Joyo Kanji. They are the characters frequently used. Although it would be very helpful to learn all of Joyo Kanji, the basic 1,000 characters are sufficient to read about 90 percentÃ of the kanji used in a newspaper.Ã Radicals or Bushu and Kanji Technically speaking radicals areÃ graphemes, meaning theyre the graphical parts that make up each kanji character. In Japanese, these characters are derived from written Chinese kangxi radicals.Ã Every kanji is made ofÃ a radical, and a radical itself can be a kanji. Radicals express the general nature of the kanji characters, and provide clues to the kanjis origin, group, meaning, or pronunciation. Many kanji dictionaries organize characters by their radicals. There areÃ 214 radicals total, but its likely that even native Japanese speakers cant recognize and name them all. But for those new to the Japanese language, memorizing some of the important and frequently used radicals will be very helpful as you try to learn the meanings of many of the kanji.Ã When writing kanji, in addition to knowing the meanings of the different radicals in order to better understand the words they spell, its key to know a kanjis stroke count (the number of pen strokes used to make the kanji) and stroke order. Stroke count is also useful when using a kanji dictionary.Ã The most basic rule for stroke order is that kanji are written from top to bottom and from left to right. Here are some other basic rules. Radicals are roughly divided into seven groups (hen, tsukuri, kanmuri, ashi, tare, nyou, and kamae) by their positions. Common Radicals The hen are found at the left side of a kanji character. Here are common radicals that take the hen position and some sample kanji characters.Ã NinbenÃ (person)Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã TsuchihenÃ (earth)Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã OnnahenÃ (woman)Ã Ã GyouninbenÃ (going man)Risshinben(heart)TehenÃ (hand)Ã KihenÃ (tree)SanzuiÃ (water)HihenÃ (fire)UshihenÃ (cow)ShimesuhenNogihenÃ (two branch tree)Ã Ã Ã Ã ItohenÃ (thread)GonbenÃ (word)Ã Ã KanehenÃ (metal)Ã Ã Kozatohen (time) TheÃ common radicals that take thetsukuri and kanmuriÃ position are listed below.Ã Tsukuri RittouÃ (sword)Ã Ã NobunÃ (folding chair)AkubiÃ (gap)OogaiÃ (page)Ã Ã Ã Kanmuri UkanmuriÃ (crown)TakekanmuriÃ (bamboo)KusakanmuriÃ (grass)AmekanmuriÃ (rain) And here is a look at common radicals that take theÃ ashi, tare, nyou and kamae position.Ã Ashi HitoashiÃ (human legs)KokoroÃ (heart)Ã Ã RekkaÃ (fire)Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Tare ShikabaneÃ (flag)Ã Ã MadareÃ (dotted cliff)YamaidareÃ (sick) Nyou ShinnyouÃ (road)Ã Ã EnnyouÃ (long stride) Kamae Kunigamae(box)Ã MongamaeÃ (gate)
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Liberation of the Holocaust was a very joyful, yet devastating time period for the Jews and others that were under control of the Nazi forces. It was their release from a long imprisonment, but also the time that they realized that some of their most loved ones had not survived. The Jews went through excruciating pain during the time of the Holocaust. And proven by facts, many to most Jews did not make it to the end. The Holocaust, according to Merriam-Webster, is defined as, Ã¢â¬Å"the killing of millions of Jews and other people by the Nazis during World War 2Ã¢â¬ . I have learned much more about the Holocaust than I thought I would. Furthermore, liberation was a very important stage during/after the Holocaust, and it has some very good and interesting questions to ask about it. Some of these questions are, Ã¢â¬Å"Why did the Holocaust end? How did the Jews get liberated? Also, how were Jews evacuated from camps and ghettos?Ã¢â¬ . Why did the Holocaust end? The Jews we re liberated because the Soviets were invading, and in search to find Hitler, so Hitler committed suicide so nothing would happen to him when he was found. Hitler had killed himself by biting down on a cyanide capsule, which had poisoned him. He then put a pistol up to his head and pulled the trigger. He committed suicide with his wife, which had only been his wife for a few days. Unfortunately, Hitler had also killed his innocent dogs. Weber states that assassination was attempted on Hitler in 1944. He hadShow MoreRelatedMaus1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPrimo Levi? 2. Why do you think Art Spiegelman draws the characters of his book as mice, cats, pig etc.? 3. Maus 4. What was Vladek like? 5. Vladek is an older person with a very prÃ ©cised in what he want and he son see this as being annoying. He feels you need to be aware of everything. He does not trust people specially his second wife Mala. He has hearth problems and he is diabetic. Sometime he used his sickness to his advantage. 6. During the Holocaust, he exhibited a spectacularRead MoreThe Genocide Of The Holocaust1313 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesknown as the Holocaust. There are other genocides such as the Armenian or Darfur genocide, but the Holocaust is the one talked about and studied the most around the world today. Museums exist in Washington D.C, Los Angeles, and parts of Europe that focus primarily on this dark time in history. Vast amounts of books, movies, and documents concentrate on the Holocaust. Why is this chapter, between 1939 and 1945, discussed and examined? The answer lies within people who experienced the Holocaust such asRead MoreAdolf Hitler and The Holocaust: Why Do We Study the Holocaust?708 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Holocaust was a tragic piece of the worlds history. It happened from 1933 to 1945, and it was a mass killing and discrimination against people of certain races. They started with the Nuremberg Laws when Hitler became the most powerful. Hitler was a strange man who blamed Jews for the fall of Germany. There are several reasons as to why we study the Holocaust, the most important is so we never face something like this again. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria but later on became a German soliderRead MoreJewish Responses to the Holocaust Essay614 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesJewish Responses to the Holocaust Some Jews believed that God had Ã¢â¬Å"abandonedÃ¢â¬ them during and after the Holocaust. They believed this because beliefs claim that a Covenant was made between the Jewish religion and God to make sure Jews would go to the promise land if they were to trust and obey the Lord God. If this were true then the Jews were being betrayed and God had broken the Covenant between them. I personally believe that God did not abandon the Jews and thatRead MoreThe Holocaust : The Most Inexplicable And Heinous Periods Of Modern Human History1450 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Holocaust is one of the most inexplicable and heinous periods of modern human history. Historians have spent years trying to understand why the perpetrators did what they did, and why the victims reacted in the ways that they did. For those who experienced it, the Holocaust was a time when very little made sense and lives were turned upside down and left looking nothing like they previously did. Despite studying the event for years, survivors and historians are still left bewildered at how suchRead MoreEssay on Literary Insperation of the Holocaust1664 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLiterary Insperation of the Holocaust Why do the survivors of such a tragic event such as the Holocaust want to remember those horrifying times by writing about memories that most people would only want to forget? I will show, Weisel has talked about, and as others have written, that the victims of the holocaust wrote about their experiences not only to preserve the history of the event, but so that those who were not involved and those who did survive can understand what really happened.Read More Chronology of the Holocaust Essay1120 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The holocaust was a bleak and unrecoverable part of the history of the twentieth century that will always be remembered. Millions died for no reason except for one manÃ¢â¬â¢s madness. Although many people know why this war happened many donÃ¢â¬â¢t know when and what events lead up to this: the way Hitler came into power, or when the first concentration camp was established, and what city it was in, why Jews were hated so much by Hitler, and why the rest of the country also hated them as well as, andRead MoreThe New York Times Coverage Of The Holocaust1480 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestopic was on the New York Times coverage of the Holocaust. When first starting this report the idea of how the Holocaust was treated in the United States never truly came to mind. After doing a research project on it, the things that came up was some unbelievable stuff. The American reporting on the Holocaust was absolutely atrocious, in one of the biggest genocides in all of history, almost half of the American people didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even know about the Holocaust and still to this day most people donÃ¢â¬â¢t knowRead MoreSingling Out the Jewish People743 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesnamed Adolf Hitler. For some reason Hitler hated the Jews, we see this in World War II with the Holocaust. The Holocaust started in 1933 when Hitler rose to power; he made a plan in 1941 which was to eradicate the whole Jewish population. Hitler called this plan the Ã¢â¬Å"Final SolutionÃ¢â¬ (An Introductory History of The Holocaust). Why did Hitler and the Nazis single out the Jews for genocide? And in what ways did the Nazis single them out? Well first off, Hitler and the Nazis werenÃ¢â¬â¢t the first people toRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Night And The Movie 1564 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthrough major changes due to their experiences of the Holocaust, a period in history no man would want to envision. SchindlerÃ¢â¬â¢s List is created to convey a different side for the tragic time in history, an ordinary businessman. This businessman, Oskar Schindler, wants to prove that there will be hope in this desperate time. However, the motive behind Night is different. In Night, the author Elie Wiesel aims to describe his experiences in the Holocaust to avoid the past from reoccurring. Hence, Night
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Which type of meat will tenderize most using cola drinks? Aim: -To help Namibians use a cheaper, easier and always available type of meat tenderizer. Hypothesis: Beef will tenderize most. Background: In my research,Ã¢â¬ Phosphoric AcidÃ¢â¬ , the main ingredient of cola drinks, is assumed to be of high enough concentration to deteriorate a piece of meat. So in this experiment, I want to prove if cola drinks can tenderize meat and what type of meat can it tenderize most. Plan: The plan is to come up with my researches and seek help from others. Then, I have to understand every single step from the start until the end, to reach to my conclusions. -Variables * The independent variable in this experiment is the kind of meat using: * BEEF * PORK * CHICKEN * The controlled variables are the following: * Cola drinkÃ¢â¬â¢s quantity * MeatÃ¢â¬â¢s weight * BowlÃ¢â¬â¢s size Meetings amp; Discussions: At first, I researched for experiments that can be done and I ask myself how cola drinks can clean rust and by that I found out that it was because of phosphoric acid. So, that brought me up to the idea of this experiment. Time Schedule: 5PM| Start of experiment| | Midnight| Observance| Recorded and investigated| 8AM-NEXT DAY| observance| Investigated| 10AM- NEXT DAY| Observance| Research and recorded| 5PM-NEXT DAY| Results| Recorded | *The experiment was 24hrs. Controls: -The meat has the same grams. -The same number of hours on the meat used. -The same amount of Coke poured on the meat. Material amp; Apparatus used: 1. Meat: 60grams of Pork, beef and chicken 2. 330 ml can of cola (3cans). 3. Bowls of the same kind and size. 4. Weighing scale 5. Chopping board and knife Experimental Work: -Weigh the meat separately. The scale of the meat should be 60 grams. Place the meat in bowls. Observe the colour, smell and texture. -With a help, add the 330 ml coke in each meat at the same time. -Observe what happens every time you see it. -Final observance is after 24 hours. -After 24 hours, observe the colour, smell, scale and texture. -Take out all the meat from the bowl and use a chopstick to feel, what meat is the softens (tenderize). Further Investi gations: -At first I had salmon. : I changed it to chicken. -The weighing scale was not working properly. : We bought a new one. -We added 2 cups of coke only, which was really little : We used 330 ml can of cola. Evaluation/Reflection: -I should have compared 4-5 meats, instead of 3 only. -I should have made the correct amount of cola(Exact amount). -I should have made the right scale. Results: 5PM: (START OF EXPERIMENT) 1-Most 2-More/Medium 3-Least MEAT| APPEANCE OF BUBBLES AFTER PORING| FLOAT| SMELLS LIKE -| COLOUR| Pork| 1| 3| Cola| Light Red/Pink| Beef| 3| 2| Cola| Red| Chicken| 2| 1| Cola| Light Pink| MIDNIGHT: MEAT| APPEARANCE OF BUBBLES| Pork| 1| Beef| 3| Chicken| 2| AROUND 8AM (THE NEXT DAY): -Pork sank. 10AM: N. B. Sedimentation is the process by which particles in suspension in liquid form sediment. Sediment is a material, originally suspended in a liquid, that settles at the bottom of the liquid when it is left standing for a long time. MEAT| SEDIMENTATION| Pork| 1| Beef| 2| Chicken| 3| RESULTS AT 5PM: N. B. Supernatant is usually a clear liquid above material deposited by sedimentation, precipitation, or centrifugation. MEAT| SUPERNATANT(CLEAR)| SEDIMENTS| TOP BUBBLES| Pork| 1| 1| 1| Beef| 2| 2| 2| Chicken| 3| 3| 3| MEAT| SCALE AFTER EXPERIMENT| SMELL| COLOUR| Pork| 60grams| None| Lighter than before/Light brown or pink| Beef| 60grams| A little bit of cola| Pale| Chicken| 60grams| Spoiled meat| Same colour as before/Light pink| MOST TENDERIZE: PORK BEEF CHICKEN Interpretation of results: 5AM: After pouring the coke in the bowl, I observed that the pork has more bubbles than the two. The pork sank, but the chicken and beef floated. MIDNIGHT: When I checked at midnight, I saw that the coke has a lot of bubbles at the top; beef has a few, while chicken has none- only in some places of the chicken. 10AM: I observed that the cola in the pork went below the bowl (sedimentation) and the top of it was clear (supernatant). The cola in the beef was also having sediments below the bowl, but not like pork. The top of it was really blurred. The cola in the chicken has neither sedimentation nor supernatant. 5PM: I observed that the colour of the pork became lighter than the original colour. I smelled it but there was no sense of smell there. The colour of beef became pale than the original one, and the smell was a bit of cola. The colour of chicken stayed as it is and it smelled like spoiled meat. I took out all the meat from the bowls and observedÃ¢â¬ ¦ I scaled it all, and the scale was the same as before- 60grams. I used a toothpick to test which type of meat was tenderize mostÃ¢â¬ ¦. I observed that the chicken was really hard and it seemed like it was not tenderized at all. Beef was soft at some parts, but some parts are not. I observed that pork was the softest, which means it is the most tenderized meat. Conclusions: -In this experiment pork was tenderized most because the whole part of the meat sank in a cola drink, which therefore can be a good tenderizer. Problems and Solutions: -I did not get to find out the correct scale of meat, so I researched and asked help from elderly. -I did not know the correct amount of cola, so I researched. Skills Learned: -Not being shy to seek help from others. -Continue to what I am doing before going to another work. -Manage my time. -Cola drinks can tenderize meat because of phosphoric acid/we can tenderize meat easily and cheap. -Pork was tenderized most because it was the type of meat that sank and absorbed most cola in the experiment (In this case, I disapprove with my hypothesis). Bibliography: Tolman J. (UNKNOWN YEAR). Experiments with Meat and Cola (Retrieved 23 April 2012) http://www. ehow. com Acknowledgements: -Ms. Daisy Cortez, my Natural Science teacher -My mom amp; dad -My uncle
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Abstract American presence in Vietnam was due to perceived threat in spread of communism. However, it ended with a terrible defeat of both South Vietnam and America military. Many believe uncensored media contributed due to its influence on public opinion.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on How did the media shape AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions of the Vietnam War? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This paper examines how the media worked in this period and gives a detailed account of the kind of reporting that was experienced. It develops a discussion by invoking historiansÃ¢â¬â¢ perspectives and input from first hand information in the battle field. Eventually an argument develops that dispute the public perception was due to common myths. Introduction The entry of United States in Vietnam War was to stop the spread of perceived communism threat in Southeast Asia, a premise held under a foreign policy then called domino theory. Some of the influential people in America saw the need for taking military precautions by supporting South Vietnam to prevent spread of communism. Still a section of the Americans did not see any need for US involvement in the war. This group did not see any risk to American interests if Vietnam was to be converted to a communist nation. Further some felt that its involvement stopped the spread of communism to other Southeast Asia countries1. Arguments about the war have never been conclusive. However, one fact that emerges is that the war transformed American society. Some of the changes noted are that leaders must look for Americans approval before engaging in a war in another nation. Secondly people became doubtful of the real intention in their political leaders. At the heart of this war, the media is believed to have shaped the Americans perception about the war. It is reported that in early sixties over 80% homes in America owned a television. Kennedy Pa ra notes further that by 1968, over 68% followed television reports on Vietnam War2. Technology in this moment made it possible for television to film some incidents in the war that forged the public opinion in regard to Vietnam War.Advertising Looking for research paper on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This paper will assess the role media played in Vietnam War. Also an in-depth analysis on the coverage in regards to objectivity will be considered. This research will conclude by discussing other factors other than the media that shaped the public opinion during the war. Media technology before and during the war According to Hallin this war was the first war to be televised. Previous wars like the Korean conflict did not enjoy the same level of television power. Korean War and the World War II though also had military and media working very closely. The media therefore only broadcasted censored inform ation. Another thing, the number of viewers as well as technology level was very limited to make an impact during Korea conflict.3 Other historians also describe the war as the first to come closest to AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s living rooms. Some of the things that people were able to follow include dispatch of soldiers in helicopters. The media had a keen interest on this war and kept a significant number of crew in every minute to cover the incidences. In this period, photojournalism developed certain technological aspects that made it possible to document crucial instances and helped to shape public understanding of the war. Both photojournalism and television formed a mutual influence on the public opinion. Photographers like camera crew members were also on full-time employment by various agencies. News agencies such as united press International and associated press are some of the agencies that had permanent photographers. There were also other freelance photographers who also went t o Vietnam to do some work hoping they could have it broadcasted by any agency. Some of these were not trained but they obtained passes that guaranteed them rights from the military to cover the war. The outcome of having this great number of photographer was an economy of war images about Vietnam War. Most of these images covered dramatic action and spot news4. Media reports on the war Toczek Rosson discussed some of the articles emerging in this period and the nature of their reports. According to them, the terms used by some reporters had threatening words. A particular account of what happened at AP Bac as reported by Halberstam, indicated that the war was a terrible defeat of America.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on How did the media shape AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions of the Vietnam War? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to him the Vietnamese failure was clear from the onset and due to th eir lack of surrender they suffered many casualties5. In another account the two discuss another article in United Press International that depicted Americans as infuriated by the Vietnamese lack of aggressiveness. Different accounts of the events by military commanders are also offered in this discussion. Of particular interest is position held by commanders that the media was giving both false and truthful information about the war. The president at the time also took offense with the media reports on Ap Bac war, claiming that the media was not accurately reporting the event. In addition the media also broadcasted some scenes of suffering and violence. For instance, CBS is said to have televised a Morley Safer report on august 1965, where marines were burning some houses in Cam Ne villages and also reported to have mistreated the villagers6. Other scenes of violence like prisoners being executed during Tet attacks were also televised in a different station. Scenes of suffering lik e a case where civilians were sprayed with bullets being mistaken for troops of North Vietnam by South Vietnam planes were also aired. Media reporting is also said to have changed at some point during the war. This was compelled by audience demand for airing of scenes as they happen on the war front. Previously their shots were on specific scenes as described. The new footage was a risky business for the reporters and tactical changes in coverage were inevitable. Journalist now started to develop doubts about the progress of the war. Reporting now revolved more on the cost in human life that was being experienced in the war. The reasons for these changes emanated from an increased division about the war that was taking place in American society. In Hallins work he discusses research evidence showing who the most trusted news anchor by Americans was in 1972. According to this work, Walter Cronkite was the man most trusted by Americans7.Advertising Looking for research paper on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Whether his influence is real or just a perception, his declaration that America could not win the battle in Vietnam and that the country must find a way out of the battle was followed by both public and political effects. On one hand, opinion polls indicated that majority of the public thought American involvement in Vietnam War was a mistake8. There was also the influence on political leaders who knowing the public was watching these news also believed the time to pull out of the war had come. Discussion What we have so far seen in the literature review is that there is a common believe that the media shaped public opinion. Specific accounts such as comments by famous television anchor Walter Cronkite are seen as instrumental in shaping this opinion. His comments are seen to have marked a climax in the war. It is also said to have had political implication by ending President Lyndon B. JohnsonÃ¢â¬â¢s political career. A different account of how the press brought about the end of the war is also given as an outcome of press airing South Vietnamese defeat. These defeat aired straight through the media made Americans belief that the war could not be won. It is believed that lack of media censorship in Vietnam is responsible for American and South Vietnam defeat. The military was incensed by their failure to defeat northern Vietnamese communist as a result of both media and political influence9. Many historians dispute the claim that media helped to shape the public opinion. Wyatt added his criticism on the so called press role in Vietnam War. Through his work that included analysis of more than 1,800 articles, he discovered facts that he claims challenges the impression of a press that was so powerfully influential. His findings indicate that the press was not acting as independently as is commonly believed by many. That the military exerted some form of censor on what the press reported. Variations in coverage of similar events also existed that made differe nt people to have different accounts of the war. He also notes that the position of editors in the war also mattered a lot. For instance, those papers that were on government side in the domino theory policy did not challenge official information. As a result readers of the different papers that this work covered, formed different views about the war and also received different pictures of the war. Another claim that Vietnam War was influenced by the media emanates from popularity of television in the period. It is commonly accepted that television powers in shaping American public opinion emerged in middle of 1960s. In this period television was the main news source for a large number of Americans and therefore one of the powerful tools that forged their influence. The truth of this claim is verified by research conducted about what Americans considered as their main source of news, around this time. By the end of Vietnam war in 1972, research depicted that 64% of the public got th eir news from television as compared to 50% of the same public that said their news source are mainly newspapers10. Further research indicated that the public has a stronger trust for television, and that they would take television news as factual in case of a contrast in the media. Two reasons for this trust are given; first is the nature of medium being personal, and the second one the presence of evidence in form of pictures. Evidence is even given by these researches that people prefer television news on war to other medium. Although Hallins argues that it is not necessarily correct to say television has a powerful influence on the public opinion, he concedes it influenced politiciansÃ¢â¬â¢ perception at the time. Evidence from what was happening in the period of sixties decade, also makes us to believe that there was more to the public opinion than we are commonly made to believe. Revolutions had already started to build in America with women rights groups and youths riots be ing witnessed. Americans were becoming skeptical of their political leaders or better members of the upper class. For instance, hurting them at the time was the fact that the country could withstand hostility in its foreign policy so as to continue exploiting resources from other nations. Movement for the youth calling itself New Lefty emerged in this period and committed itself to fight with discrimination and disparities in the society. Speeches delivered by youthful leaders at this time challenged the American real intention in the Vietnam War. They called for leader to accept defeat and wait for eventuality. This eventuality which is possibility of a communist Vietnam nation, they assumed was a decision of the local there11. Simply these speeches reveal that Americans were feeling that their leaders encroached other nationÃ¢â¬â¢s right, and thus violating principles of democracy. Sheehan coverage of the war gives another side of the story. His book which was awarded twice and gives a first hand account of what the perspectives the war took. In his work, readers are confronted with opinions held by some key leaders. Of particular value is John Paul Vann who was an advisor to Saigon regime. He criticized the tactics applied by South Vietnam government as well as some of the commands issued by U.S. military. According to him, some of the tactics employed by the military were counterproductive and therefore hindered realization of the U.S. goals12. What comes out clearly is that his advice in most cases did not make any influence on the military command. As an alternative he used the press corps to air his views and among those who were used is Neil Sheehan. Other journalist who documented the war and its atrocities includes Michael Herr. The journalist kept a day to day record of what was going on in the battle line. He went into the battlefield and demonstrated that it was a careless mistake to sacrifice human lives in this war. His book covers the life of the American soldiers and shows how these men put their lives in danger in that war. His artistic work paints a picture of terror during the war that he and the soldiers had to withstand. He demonstrates how soldiers careless died in the line as fatigue caught up with them making some of them forget basic protection13. Conclusion This paper has discussed several facts. The first one being that AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to go to war was political. Second media was more technologically advanced than previous moment in history. Finally American opinions were also shaped by what they believed. Previous believe was that the media influenced the public perception and contributed to the end of this war. This has been challenged by historical analysts as this paper has demonstrated. Critics of the media especially government and the military as well as some editors complained that some reporters were inexperienced and lacked objectivity. However, from what we have discussed from the histor ian perspectives there is a good reason to believe that this might not be the true position. Furthermore even if this is the case other reasons for public disagreement with the war existed. Americans questioned the real reason for engagement in the war in particular. Therefore, according to evidence gathered in this research there is reason to believe that public opinions depicting American loss of faith in the war were more than itÃ¢â¬â¢s commonly believed. Bibliography Anderegg, Michael. Inventing Vietnam: The War in Film and Television. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1991. Braestrup, Peter. Big Story: How the American Press and Television Reported and Interpreted the Crisis Of Tet 1968 in Vietnam And Washington. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1977. Cohen, Steven. Vietnam: Anthology and Guide to a Television History. New York: Alfred A. Knoph, 1983. Fuller, A. James Lawrence, Sondhaus. America, War and Power: Defining the State, 1775-2005. New York: Routledge, 2007. Hallin, Daniel C. The Uncensored War: the Media and Vietnam. University of California Press. 1989. Hallin, Daniel. Vietnam on Television. (nd). 13 Nov 2004. Web. Herr, Michael Robert, Stone. Dispatches. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009. Print. Kennedy, Lilian. Photojournalism and the Vietnam War. 12 Aug 2007. Web. Levy, Debbie. The Vietnam War. New York: Twenty-First Century Books, 2004. Print. Potter Paul, Ã¢â¬Å"Name the SystemÃ¢â¬ (speech, delivered to protestors to end the war, Washington, March 10-13, 1965). Sheehan, Neil. A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam. New York: Random House Publishing Group, 2009. Print. Toczek, David W. B. Rosson. The Battle of Ap Bac, Vietnam: They Did Everything But Learn from It. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2007. Print. Wyatt, Clarence R. Paper Soldiers: The American Press in Vietnam, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. Print. Footnotes Debbie Levy. The Vietnam War (New York: Twenty-First Century Books, 200 4). Lilian Kennedy. Ã¢â¬Å"Photojournalism and the Vietnam War,Ã¢â¬ UCD Website. 2007. Daniel Hallin. Ã¢â¬Å"Vietnam on Television. (nd)Ã¢â¬ . Museum TV. 2004. Kennedy. Ã¢â¬Å"Photojournalism and the Vietnam War.Ã¢â¬ 5. David Toczek W. B. Rosson. The Battle of Ap Bac, Vietnam: They Did Everything But Learn from It. (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2007). James Fuller, A. Lawrence Sondhaus. America, War and Power: Defining the State, 1775-2005 (New York: Routledge, 2007). Daniel C. Hallin,. The Uncensored War: the Media and Vietnam (Berkeley: University of California Press. 1989). Peter Braestrup, Big Story: How the American Press and Television Reported and Interpreted the Crisis Of Tet 1968 in Vietnam And Washington (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1977). Clarence R. Wyatt. Paper Soldiers: The American Press in Vietnam (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995). Michael Anderegg, Inventing Vietnam: The War in Film and Television. (Philadelphia, PA: Tem ple University Press, 1991). Paul Potter, Ã¢â¬Å"Name the SystemÃ¢â¬ (speech, delivered to protestors to end the war, Washington, March 10-13, 1965). Neil Sheehan. A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam (New York: Random House Publishing Group, 2009). Michael Herr Robert Stone. Dispatches (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009). This research paper on How did the media shape AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions of the Vietnam War? was written and submitted by user Amina Berg to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Four Types of Tissue Essay Example Four Types of Tissue Essay Four Types of Tissue Essay In this lab you will review the four types of animal tissues. After watching the presentation and taking notes, you will create a presentation on tissues to show your mastery of the topic. Animal tissues may be considered the second level of organization within the body. Specialized cells come together to make specialized tissues which allow the organism to function. You will have the opportunity to be creative as you demonstrate mastery of the four types of animal tissues.Materials Needed You will need a computer, an internet connection, your lab notebook, and a pen or pencil. You will also need materials to create a presentation of your choice. You may choose a poster, a 3 dimensional model, a recording, an investigative lab, or a power point presentation. Procedures 1. View the PhET presentation about animal tissues. This can be found in the presentations section. Non-majors Biology Ã¢â¬â lesson one Animal Tissues. (please inset link here). 2. Take notes to review the informati on about the 4 tissue types.These notes should be organized in your lab investigation report. 3. You will then prepare a presentation to teach others about tissues. You are encouraged to focus on one tissue type, but you may also compare and contrast the 4 types of tissues. 4. You can make a three dimensional poster, a power point, an investigative lab, or even a video recording. 5. This presentation should show what you have learned about tissues from the lesson, this presentation, and other additional sources you choose. Remember to cite additional sources) 6. Complete the Analysis Questions and Conclusion. Analysis and Conclusion Questions: : This conclusion should be answered in paragraph form, with at least 5 complete sentences. 1. Please conclude your lab with a summary paragraph of at least 5 sentences about the design of the presentation you created to show mastery of animal tissues. You should begin with a sentence that explains how you investigated tissues. You should then address the reason you chose your method of presentation.You should then use 2-3 sentences to explain how you developed your presentation. I decided to do a PowerPoint presentation and used the tissues as the background picture. So for the slide for epithelial tissues I used a picture of epithelial cells as the background and so on. I found the pictures in a Google search. I then researched information on the tissues and added a text box that explained what they do. I decided to use PowerPoint because I like how it makes things look because I have lots of things to choose from for designs.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Critique - Research Paper Example The book is a natural follow up for the regular readers of Stephen Covey who have already been introduced to his unique life philosophies and ideas on effectiveness and ambition. Covey is famous for his book Ã¢â¬ËSeven habits of highly effective peopleÃ¢â¬â¢, which is considered to be the one of the most influential books on personal development and strengthening of the 1990s. Stephen Covey, an MBA from Harvard started his professional life as a college professor at Brigham Young University and during his tenure cultivated, organized and codified his thoughts and philosophies on the ways to achieve the best out of life. These were taught through seminars and conferences and eventually Stephen Covey became the co-founder of the Franklin-covey organization which works towards finding practical solutions to the problems faced by businesses and organization through the application of CoveyÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Ëprinciple-centeredÃ¢â¬â¢ approach to management and leadership. Touted as one of Times magazineÃ¢â¬â¢s 25 most influential Americans, Covey has conveyed his principled life message through his many books and annual seminars; that success in life is achi evable if we adopt central principles of ethics, empathy and resource management in both our personal and professional lives. The books provide a framework for cultivating the frame of mind to allow the adoption of these principles and they have resonated greatly with people in all ages and occupations. CoveyÃ¢â¬â¢s seven habits have found almost a cult like following in fields as diverse as academia, Church groups and the corporate culture. Subsequently all his follow up books seem to have been directly or indirectly written to support and provide further instructions for his original readers. Titles such as Such as seven habits of highly effective families and living the seven habits provided further insight into the philosophies while the Third alternative is a more thorough